易哈佛 \ 初级质量工程师 \ 2016年上海初级质量工程师考试考前冲刺卷

2016年上海初级质量工程师考试考前冲刺卷

2016年上海初级质量工程师考试考前冲刺卷

  • 本卷共分为2大题24小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共15题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.温病病因的特点是()。

A.明确病邪特性和致病规律
B.阐明温病发生原因
C.指导临床治疗
D.阐明四时六淫致病,性质属热
E.从外感受,性质属热;致病迅速,病位有别

2.下列选项中,关于钢筋气压焊接头外观检查结果,说法正确的是__。

A.接头处的轴线偏移e不得大于钢筋直径的0.15倍,且不得大于5mm
B.接头处的弯折角不得大于5°;当大于规定值时,应重新加热矫正
C.镦粗长度Lc不得小于钢筋直径,且凸起部分平缓圆滑;当小于上述规定值时,应重新加热镦长
D.镦粗直径dc不得小于钢筋直径的1.5倍,当小于上述规定值时,应重新加热镦粗

3.下列选项中,关于预应力工程中张拉和放张,说法错误的是__。

A.后张法预应力工程的施工应由具有相应资质等级的预应力专业施工单位承担
B.安装张拉设备时,直线预应力筋,应使张拉力的作用线与孔道中心线重合;曲线预应力筋,应使张拉力的作用线与孔道中心线中端的切线重合
C.预应力筋的张拉力、张拉或放张顺序及张拉工艺应符合设计及施工技术方案的要求
D.在预应力筋锚固过程中,由于锚具零件之间和锚具与预应力筋之间的相对移动和局部塑性变形导致的回缩量,张拉端预应力筋的回缩量应符合设计要求

4.预应力筋的张拉力、张拉或放张顺序及张拉工艺应符合设计及施工技术方案的要求,当施工需要超张拉时,最大张拉应力不应大于国家现行标准__的规定。

A.《混凝土结构设计规范》(GB 50010一2002)
B.《预应力混凝土用金属波纹管》(JG 225—2D07)
C.《预应力筋用锚具、夹具和连接器》(GB/T 14370—2007)
D.《预应力混凝土用钢绞线》(GB/T 5224—2003)

5.We know that many animals do not stay in one place. Birds, fish and other animals move from one place to another at a certain time. They move for different reasons: most of them move to find food more easily, but others move to get away from places that are too crowded.When cold weather comes, many birds move to warmer places to find food. Some fishes give birth in warm water and move to cold water to feed. The most famous migration(迁移)is probably the migration of fish, which is called"salmon". This fish is born in fresh water but it travels many miles to salt water. There it spends its life. When it is old, it returns to its birth- place in fresh water. Then it gives birth and dies there. In northern Europe, there is a kind of mouse. They leave their mountain homes when they become too crowded. They move down to the low land. Sometimes they move all the way to the seaside, and many of them are killed when they fall into the sea.Recently, scientists have studied the migration of kind of lobster (龙虾). Every year, when the season of bad weather arrives, the lobsters get into a long line and start to walk across the floor of the ocean. Nobody knows why they do this, and nobody knows where they go.So, sometimes we know why humans and animals move from one place to another, but at other times we don’t. Maybe living things just like to travel. Most animals move from one place to another at a certain time to ().

A. give birth
B. enjoy warmer weather
C. find food more easily
D. find beautiful places

11.下列选项中,关于地下防水工程2级防水,说法正确的是__。

A.结构表面不可有湿渍
B.工业与民用建筑的湿渍总面积不大于总防水面积的0.5%
C.工业与民用建筑中单个湿渍面积不大于0.1m2,任意100m2防水面积不超过4处
D.其他地下工程中湿渍总面积不大于总防水面积的O.6%,单个湿渍面积不大于0.20 m2,任意100m2防水面积不超过4处

12.下列选项中,关于地下防水工程中防水混凝土施工质量控制,说法错误的是__。

A.防水混凝土配料必须按质量配合比准确称量,采用机械搅拌
B.在运输和浇筑过程中,应减少漏浆和离析
C.浇筑时必须做到分层连续进行,采用机械振捣。严格控制振捣时间.不得欠振漏振,以确保混凝土的密实性和抗渗性
D.防水混凝土的养护对其抗渗性能影响极大,因此,必须加强养护,一般混凝土进入终凝后(浇筑后4~6h)即应覆盖,浇水湿润不少于14d,不宜采用电热养护和蒸汽养护

13.下列选项中,关于地下防水工程中防水混凝土材料的要求,说法错误的是__。

A.水泥品种应按设计要求选用,其强度等级不应低于32.5级,不得使用过期或受潮结块水泥
B.碎石或卵石的粒径宜为5~40mm,含泥量不得大于10%,泥块含量不得大于0.5%
C.外加剂的技术性能,应符合国家或行业标准二等品及以上的质量要求
D.粉煤灰的级别不应低于二级,掺量不宜大于20%;硅粉掺量不应大于3%,其他掺合料的掺量应通过试验确定

14.下列选项中,关于卷材防水屋面保护层的施工,说法错误的是__。

A.绿豆砂应洁净、预热、铺撒均匀,并使其与沥青玛蹄脂黏结牢固,不得残留未黏结的绿豆砂
B.云母或蛭石或硅石保护层不得有粉料,撒铺应均匀,不得露底,多余的云母或蛭石应清除
C.细石混凝土保护层,混凝土应密实,表面抹平压光,并留设分格缝,分格面积不大于36m2
D.刚性保护层与女儿墙、山墙之间应预留宽度为20mm的缝隙,并用密封材料嵌填严密

15.Low levels of literacy and numeracy have a damaging impact on almost every aspect of adults, according to a survey published yesterday, which offers (1) of a developing underclass. Tests and (2) with hundreds of people born in a week in 1958 graphically illustrated file (3) of educational underachievement. The effects can be seen in unemployment, family (4) , low incomes, depression and social inactivity.Those who left school at 16 with poor basic skills had been employed for UP to four years less than good readers (5) they reached 37. Professor John Bynner, of City University, who carried the research, said that today’s (6) teenagers would even encounter greater problems because the supply of (7) jobs had shrunk.Almost one fifth of the 1,700 people interviewed for yesterday’s report had poor literacy and almost half (8) with innumeracy, a proportion (9) other surveys for the Basic Skills Agency. Some could not read a child’s book, and most found difficult (10) written instruction.Poor readers were twice as likely to be a low wage and four times likely to live in a household where partners worked. Women in this (11) were five times as likely to be (12) depressed, (13) both tended to feel they had no control over their lives, and to trust others (14) .Those who had low literacy and numeracy were seldom (15) in any community organization and less likely than others to (16) in a general election. There had been no (17) in the literary level of (18) .Alan Wells, the agency’s director, said: "The results emphasize the dangers of developing an underclass people, who were out of work, (19) depressed and often labeled themselves as (20) . There is a circle of marginalization, with the dice against these people and their families.\ Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1.17()

A.improvement
B.advancement
C.development
D.increase

二、多项选择题(共15题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,有多个符合题意)

1.

环城商店,一个在全国范围内经营电子超市的企业,为了发挥其为顾客服务,后勤,高档商品销售和特许经营方面的优势,发展了一系列名为卡玛斯的汽车连锁店,现已开了4家,弗吉尼亚1家,亚特兰大2家,卡罗米纳1家。在这些超市中,顾客可以浏览上百种旧车,商店对每辆旧车重新加以维护,并坚持5日内退款的承诺以及30天的保修,再长时间的保修则需付费,环城销售汽车的方案似乎很有效,1995年其4个连锁店的销售额为 2.88亿美元,更重要的是,客户的满意率高达98%,请回答下列问题:
下列可以作为选择特约经销店时应考虑的因素是__。

A.以前的工作经验
B.经营者的个性
C.顾客的需要
D.教育背景

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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