易哈佛 \ 职称英语 \ 2013年天津职称英语考试模拟卷(5)

2013年天津职称英语考试模拟卷(5)

2013年天津职称英语考试模拟卷(5)

  • 本卷共分为1大题50小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共50题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.First Image-recognition Software 1.Dartmouth researchers and their colleagues have created an artificial intelligence software that uses photos to locate documents on the Internet with far greater accuracy than ever before. 2.The new system, which was tested on photos and is now being applied to videos, shows for the first time that a machine learning algorithm (运算法则) for image recognition and retrieval is accurate and efficient enough to improve large-scale document searches online. The system uses pixel (像素) data in images and potentially video — rather than just text — to locate documents. It learns to recognize the pixels associated with a search phrase by studying the results from text-based image search engines. The knowledge gleaned (收集) from those results can then be applied to other photos without tags or captions (图片说明), making for more accurate document search results. 3."Over the last 30 years," says Associate Professor Lorenzo Torresani, a co-author of the study, "the Web has evolved from a small collection of mostly text documents to a modern, massive, fast-growing multimedia data set, where nearly every page includes multiple pictures or videos. When a person looks at a Web page, he immediately gets the gist (主旨) of it by looking at the pictures in it. Yet, surprisingly, all existing popular search engines, such as Google or Bing, strip away the information contained in the photos and use exclusively the text of Web pages to perform the document retrieval. Our study is the first to show that modern machine vision systems are accurate and efficient enough to make effective use of the information contained in image pixels to improve document search." 4.The researchers designed and tested a machine vision system — a type of artificial intelligence that allows computers to learn without being explicitly programmed — that extracts semantic (语义的) information from the pixels of photos in Web pages. This information is used to enrich the description of the HTML page used by search engines for document retrieval. The researchers tested their approach using more than 600 search queries (查询)on a database of 50 million Web pages. They selected the text-retrieval search engine with the best performance and modified it to make use of the additional semantic information extracted by their method from the pictures of the Web pages. They found that this produced a 30 percent improvement in precision over the original search engine purely based on text. When performing document retrieval the existing search engines ignore()

A. using photos
B. description of the HTML page
C. current popular search engines
D. document search
E. information in images
F. machine vision systems

2.Lack of Oxygen Delayed the Rise of Animals on Earth Scientists have long speculated as to why animal species didn’t flourish sooner, once sufficient oxygen covered the Earth’s surface. Animals began to prosper at the end of the Proterozoic period, about 800 million years ago — but what about the billion-year stretch before that, when most researchers think there also was plenty of oxygen Well, it seems the air wasn’t so great then, after all. In a study published Oct. 31 in Science, Yale researcher Noah Planavsky and his colleagues found that oxygen levels during the “boring billion” period were only 0.1% of what they are today. In other words, Earth’s atmosphere couldn’t have supported a diversity of creatures, no matter what genetic advancements were poised to occur. “There is no question that genetic and ecological innovation must ultimately be behind the rise of animals, but it is equally unavoidable that animals need a certain level of oxygen,” said Planavsky, co-lead author of the research along with Christopher Reinhard of the Georgia Institute of Technology. “We’re providing the first evidence that oxygen levels were low enough during this period to potentially prevent the rise of animals.” The scientists found their evidence by analyzing chromium (Cr) isotopes in ancient sediments from China, Australia, Canada, and the United States. Chromium is found in the Earth’s continental crust, and chromium oxidation is directly linked to the presence of free oxygen in the atmosphere. Specifically, the team studied samples deposited in shallow, iron-rich ocean areas, near the shore. They compared their data with other samples taken from younger locales known to have higher levels of oxygen. Oxygen’s role in controlling the first appearance of animals has long vexed scientists. “We were missing the right approach until now,” Planavsky said. “Chromium gave us the proxy.” Previous estimates put the oxygen level at 40% of today’s conditions during pre-animal times, leaving open the possibility that oxygen was already plentiful enough to support animal life. In the new study, the researchers acknowledged that oxygen levels were “highly dynamic” in the early atmosphere, with the potential for occasional spikes. However, they said, “It seems clear that there is a first-order difference in the nature of Earth surface Cr cycling” before and after the rise of animals. “If we are right, our results will really change how people view the origins of animals and other complex life, and their relationships to the co-evolving environment,” said co-author Tim Lyons of the University of California-Riverside. “This could be a game changer.” “There’s a lot of interest right now in a broader discussion surrounding the role that environmental stability played in the evolution of complex life, and we think our results are a significant contribution to that,” Reinhard said. The study revealed that chromium found in Earth’s continental crust remained stable before and after the rise of animals.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

3.Robotic Highway Cones A University of Nebraska professor has developed robotic cones and barrels. These robotic cones and barrels can move out of the way, or into (51)_____, from computer commands made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farritor, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Nebraska. For example, if workers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to (52)_____off the lane at that time. And they can return to the (53)_____place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application for robots." Farritor said. "The robotic cones would also help (54)_____people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels and cones into place," Farritor said in a report on his creation. Work on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The (55)_____allowed Farritor to work on the project with graduate students at Nebraska and his assistant Steve Goddard. The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones and barrels and are (56)_____enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same," Farritor said. "(57)_____there’s a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that (58)_____a robot." Farritor has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most (59)_____to what they might need. The robots could come in handy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road or moving asphalt, (60)_____now the barrels have to be picked up and moved as the operation (61)_____. "That way you don’t have to block off a 10-mile strip for the operation ," Farritor said. (62)_____prototypes have been made, they are not in use anywhere. Farritor said he has (63)_____for a patent and is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about (64)_____the robots to roads departments and others across the country who may (65) _____from them.

A.Kindly
B.Normally
C.Greatly
D.Strangely

4.First Image-recognition Software 1.Dartmouth researchers and their colleagues have created an artificial intelligence software that uses photos to locate documents on the Internet with far greater accuracy than ever before. 2.The new system, which was tested on photos and is now being applied to videos, shows for the first time that a machine learning algorithm (运算法则) for image recognition and retrieval is accurate and efficient enough to improve large-scale document searches online. The system uses pixel (像素) data in images and potentially video — rather than just text — to locate documents. It learns to recognize the pixels associated with a search phrase by studying the results from text-based image search engines. The knowledge gleaned (收集) from those results can then be applied to other photos without tags or captions (图片说明), making for more accurate document search results. 3."Over the last 30 years," says Associate Professor Lorenzo Torresani, a co-author of the study, "the Web has evolved from a small collection of mostly text documents to a modern, massive, fast-growing multimedia data set, where nearly every page includes multiple pictures or videos. When a person looks at a Web page, he immediately gets the gist (主旨) of it by looking at the pictures in it. Yet, surprisingly, all existing popular search engines, such as Google or Bing, strip away the information contained in the photos and use exclusively the text of Web pages to perform the document retrieval. Our study is the first to show that modern machine vision systems are accurate and efficient enough to make effective use of the information contained in image pixels to improve document search." 4.The researchers designed and tested a machine vision system — a type of artificial intelligence that allows computers to learn without being explicitly programmed — that extracts semantic (语义的) information from the pixels of photos in Web pages. This information is used to enrich the description of the HTML page used by search engines for document retrieval. The researchers tested their approach using more than 600 search queries (查询)on a database of 50 million Web pages. They selected the text-retrieval search engine with the best performance and modified it to make use of the additional semantic information extracted by their method from the pictures of the Web pages. They found that this produced a 30 percent improvement in precision over the original search engine purely based on text. The new system was found more effective in document search than the()

A. using photos
B. description of the HTML page
C. current popular search engines
D. document search
E. information in images
F. machine vision systems

5.Lack of Oxygen Delayed the Rise of Animals on Earth Scientists have long speculated as to why animal species didn’t flourish sooner, once sufficient oxygen covered the Earth’s surface. Animals began to prosper at the end of the Proterozoic period, about 800 million years ago — but what about the billion-year stretch before that, when most researchers think there also was plenty of oxygen Well, it seems the air wasn’t so great then, after all. In a study published Oct. 31 in Science, Yale researcher Noah Planavsky and his colleagues found that oxygen levels during the “boring billion” period were only 0.1% of what they are today. In other words, Earth’s atmosphere couldn’t have supported a diversity of creatures, no matter what genetic advancements were poised to occur. “There is no question that genetic and ecological innovation must ultimately be behind the rise of animals, but it is equally unavoidable that animals need a certain level of oxygen,” said Planavsky, co-lead author of the research along with Christopher Reinhard of the Georgia Institute of Technology. “We’re providing the first evidence that oxygen levels were low enough during this period to potentially prevent the rise of animals.” The scientists found their evidence by analyzing chromium (Cr) isotopes in ancient sediments from China, Australia, Canada, and the United States. Chromium is found in the Earth’s continental crust, and chromium oxidation is directly linked to the presence of free oxygen in the atmosphere. Specifically, the team studied samples deposited in shallow, iron-rich ocean areas, near the shore. They compared their data with other samples taken from younger locales known to have higher levels of oxygen. Oxygen’s role in controlling the first appearance of animals has long vexed scientists. “We were missing the right approach until now,” Planavsky said. “Chromium gave us the proxy.” Previous estimates put the oxygen level at 40% of today’s conditions during pre-animal times, leaving open the possibility that oxygen was already plentiful enough to support animal life. In the new study, the researchers acknowledged that oxygen levels were “highly dynamic” in the early atmosphere, with the potential for occasional spikes. However, they said, “It seems clear that there is a first-order difference in the nature of Earth surface Cr cycling” before and after the rise of animals. “If we are right, our results will really change how people view the origins of animals and other complex life, and their relationships to the co-evolving environment,” said co-author Tim Lyons of the University of California-Riverside. “This could be a game changer.” “There’s a lot of interest right now in a broader discussion surrounding the role that environmental stability played in the evolution of complex life, and we think our results are a significant contribution to that,” Reinhard said. Tim Lyons liked to play computer games in his spare time.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

6.Robotic Highway Cones A University of Nebraska professor has developed robotic cones and barrels. These robotic cones and barrels can move out of the way, or into (51)_____, from computer commands made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farritor, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Nebraska. For example, if workers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to (52)_____off the lane at that time. And they can return to the (53)_____place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application for robots." Farritor said. "The robotic cones would also help (54)_____people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels and cones into place," Farritor said in a report on his creation. Work on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The (55)_____allowed Farritor to work on the project with graduate students at Nebraska and his assistant Steve Goddard. The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones and barrels and are (56)_____enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same," Farritor said. "(57)_____there’s a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that (58)_____a robot." Farritor has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most (59)_____to what they might need. The robots could come in handy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road or moving asphalt, (60)_____now the barrels have to be picked up and moved as the operation (61)_____. "That way you don’t have to block off a 10-mile strip for the operation ," Farritor said. (62)_____prototypes have been made, they are not in use anywhere. Farritor said he has (63)_____for a patent and is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about (64)_____the robots to roads departments and others across the country who may (65) _____from them.

A.at
B.on
C.in
D.with

7.Robotic Highway Cones A University of Nebraska professor has developed robotic cones and barrels. These robotic cones and barrels can move out of the way, or into (51)_____, from computer commands made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farritor, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Nebraska. For example, if workers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to (52)_____off the lane at that time. And they can return to the (53)_____place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application for robots." Farritor said. "The robotic cones would also help (54)_____people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels and cones into place," Farritor said in a report on his creation. Work on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The (55)_____allowed Farritor to work on the project with graduate students at Nebraska and his assistant Steve Goddard. The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones and barrels and are (56)_____enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same," Farritor said. "(57)_____there’s a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that (58)_____a robot." Farritor has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most (59)_____to what they might need. The robots could come in handy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road or moving asphalt, (60)_____now the barrels have to be picked up and moved as the operation (61)_____. "That way you don’t have to block off a 10-mile strip for the operation ," Farritor said. (62)_____prototypes have been made, they are not in use anywhere. Farritor said he has (63)_____for a patent and is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about (64)_____the robots to roads departments and others across the country who may (65) _____from them.

A.related
B.typical
C.useful
D.visible

8.Robotic Highway Cones A University of Nebraska professor has developed robotic cones and barrels. These robotic cones and barrels can move out of the way, or into (51)_____, from computer commands made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farritor, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Nebraska. For example, if workers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to (52)_____off the lane at that time. And they can return to the (53)_____place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application for robots." Farritor said. "The robotic cones would also help (54)_____people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels and cones into place," Farritor said in a report on his creation. Work on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The (55)_____allowed Farritor to work on the project with graduate students at Nebraska and his assistant Steve Goddard. The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones and barrels and are (56)_____enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same," Farritor said. "(57)_____there’s a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that (58)_____a robot." Farritor has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most (59)_____to what they might need. The robots could come in handy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road or moving asphalt, (60)_____now the barrels have to be picked up and moved as the operation (61)_____. "That way you don’t have to block off a 10-mile strip for the operation ," Farritor said. (62)_____prototypes have been made, they are not in use anywhere. Farritor said he has (63)_____for a patent and is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about (64)_____the robots to roads departments and others across the country who may (65) _____from them.

A.why
B.where
C.when
D.what

9.Robotic Highway Cones A University of Nebraska professor has developed robotic cones and barrels. These robotic cones and barrels can move out of the way, or into (51)_____, from computer commands made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farritor, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Nebraska. For example, if workers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to (52)_____off the lane at that time. And they can return to the (53)_____place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application for robots." Farritor said. "The robotic cones would also help (54)_____people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels and cones into place," Farritor said in a report on his creation. Work on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The (55)_____allowed Farritor to work on the project with graduate students at Nebraska and his assistant Steve Goddard. The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones and barrels and are (56)_____enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same," Farritor said. "(57)_____there’s a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that (58)_____a robot." Farritor has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most (59)_____to what they might need. The robots could come in handy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road or moving asphalt, (60)_____now the barrels have to be picked up and moved as the operation (61)_____. "That way you don’t have to block off a 10-mile strip for the operation ," Farritor said. (62)_____prototypes have been made, they are not in use anywhere. Farritor said he has (63)_____for a patent and is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about (64)_____the robots to roads departments and others across the country who may (65) _____from them.

A.proceeds
B.functions
C.finishes
D.improves

10.Robotic Highway Cones A University of Nebraska professor has developed robotic cones and barrels. These robotic cones and barrels can move out of the way, or into (51)_____, from computer commands made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farritor, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Nebraska. For example, if workers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to (52)_____off the lane at that time. And they can return to the (53)_____place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application for robots." Farritor said. "The robotic cones would also help (54)_____people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels and cones into place," Farritor said in a report on his creation. Work on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The (55)_____allowed Farritor to work on the project with graduate students at Nebraska and his assistant Steve Goddard. The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones and barrels and are (56)_____enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same," Farritor said. "(57)_____there’s a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that (58)_____a robot." Farritor has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most (59)_____to what they might need. The robots could come in handy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road or moving asphalt, (60)_____now the barrels have to be picked up and moved as the operation (61)_____. "That way you don’t have to block off a 10-mile strip for the operation ," Farritor said. (62)_____prototypes have been made, they are not in use anywhere. Farritor said he has (63)_____for a patent and is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about (64)_____the robots to roads departments and others across the country who may (65) _____from them.

A.If
B.While
C.Since
D.Because

11.Robotic Highway Cones A University of Nebraska professor has developed robotic cones and barrels. These robotic cones and barrels can move out of the way, or into (51)_____, from computer commands made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farritor, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Nebraska. For example, if workers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to (52)_____off the lane at that time. And they can return to the (53)_____place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application for robots." Farritor said. "The robotic cones would also help (54)_____people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels and cones into place," Farritor said in a report on his creation. Work on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The (55)_____allowed Farritor to work on the project with graduate students at Nebraska and his assistant Steve Goddard. The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones and barrels and are (56)_____enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same," Farritor said. "(57)_____there’s a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that (58)_____a robot." Farritor has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most (59)_____to what they might need. The robots could come in handy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road or moving asphalt, (60)_____now the barrels have to be picked up and moved as the operation (61)_____. "That way you don’t have to block off a 10-mile strip for the operation ," Farritor said. (62)_____prototypes have been made, they are not in use anywhere. Farritor said he has (63)_____for a patent and is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about (64)_____the robots to roads departments and others across the country who may (65) _____from them.

A.applied
B.asked
C.called
D.argued

12.Robotic Highway Cones A University of Nebraska professor has developed robotic cones and barrels. These robotic cones and barrels can move out of the way, or into (51)_____, from computer commands made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farritor, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Nebraska. For example, if workers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to (52)_____off the lane at that time. And they can return to the (53)_____place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application for robots." Farritor said. "The robotic cones would also help (54)_____people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels and cones into place," Farritor said in a report on his creation. Work on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The (55)_____allowed Farritor to work on the project with graduate students at Nebraska and his assistant Steve Goddard. The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones and barrels and are (56)_____enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same," Farritor said. "(57)_____there’s a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that (58)_____a robot." Farritor has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most (59)_____to what they might need. The robots could come in handy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road or moving asphalt, (60)_____now the barrels have to be picked up and moved as the operation (61)_____. "That way you don’t have to block off a 10-mile strip for the operation ," Farritor said. (62)_____prototypes have been made, they are not in use anywhere. Farritor said he has (63)_____for a patent and is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about (64)_____the robots to roads departments and others across the country who may (65) _____from them.

A.saving
B.marketing
C.moving
D.devising

13.Robotic Highway Cones A University of Nebraska professor has developed robotic cones and barrels. These robotic cones and barrels can move out of the way, or into (51)_____, from computer commands made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farritor, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Nebraska. For example, if workers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to (52)_____off the lane at that time. And they can return to the (53)_____place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application for robots." Farritor said. "The robotic cones would also help (54)_____people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels and cones into place," Farritor said in a report on his creation. Work on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The (55)_____allowed Farritor to work on the project with graduate students at Nebraska and his assistant Steve Goddard. The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones and barrels and are (56)_____enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same," Farritor said. "(57)_____there’s a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that (58)_____a robot." Farritor has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most (59)_____to what they might need. The robots could come in handy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road or moving asphalt, (60)_____now the barrels have to be picked up and moved as the operation (61)_____. "That way you don’t have to block off a 10-mile strip for the operation ," Farritor said. (62)_____prototypes have been made, they are not in use anywhere. Farritor said he has (63)_____for a patent and is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about (64)_____the robots to roads departments and others across the country who may (65) _____from them.

A.benefit
B.protect
C.learn
D.inspire

15.He said some harsh words about his brother.

A.proper
B.unkind
C.normal
D.unclear

16.I am going as a favor to Ann because I have to.

A.partner
B.drive
C.guide
D.help

17.The law carries a penalty of up to three years in prison.

A.message
B.guilt
C.obligation
D.punishment

18.We need to identify the potential problems.

A.possible
B.main
C.immediate
D.common

20.There is a need for radical changes in education.

A.revolutionary
B.long-term
C.short-term
D.systematic

21.When did you first encounter these difficulties

A.create
B.present
C.experience
D.resolve

24.It frustrates me that I’m not able to put any of my ideas into practice.

A.discourages
B.shows
C.surprises
D.frightens

25.The doctors did not reveal the truth to him.

A.hide
B.handle
C.disclose
D.establish

26.The weather last summer was awful.

A.bad
B.fair
C.dry
D.hot

27.My piano playing has improved significantly since I had a new teacher.

A.definitely
B.generally
C.certainly
D.greatly

28.He tried to assemble his thoughts.

A.gather
B.clear
C.share
D.spare

29.Living History at Jamestown Settlement A woman in Native American clothes is sitting in the sun, sewing address form animal skin, Inside a building, a colonist is making a wooden chair, using very simple tools. This is all around, tourists are taking pictures with their digital(数码的)cameras. This is Jamestown settlement today. Jamestown, Virginia, was one of the first place in the word where people form Europe, American, and Africa came together in 1608. Today, it is a living history museum, where children and adults come to experience history. In a living history museum, actors wear clothes and adults form the past and demonstrate many of the activities of daily life back then. The actor also talk to the visitors and explain everything they do. At a living history museum, there are always many things to touch, hear, and smell. Visitors at Jamestown settlement can walk through copies of the three small sailing ships that carried colonists to Virginia and even lie down in a colonist’s bed! The colonists stayed on the crowed, dangerous ships for more than four months. When they got to Virginia, they built an area of houses with a high wall around it. In today’s fort(堡垒), you can see houses, a church, and even a garden with foods that the colonists ate. Women in long dresses work inside their homes, and visitor can help them with their sewing and cooking. There is also an Indian Village at Jamestown settlement, and it looks very different from the fort. It shows how the Indians lived in long houses and grew corn and other crops in large fields. Actors there make pottery(陶器)and teach visitors how to play Indian games. You can even help them make an India boat form a tree! Today, the living history museum of Jamestown is very popular, especially with children and families. People come here to have fun, but also to learn. Many school classes visit to experience old ways of getting things done. A living history museum is the best way to understand how people lived in the past. Tourists like to take pictures in Jamestown Settlement today.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

30.Across the Desert The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world. It stretches across Africa from Senegal to Egypt. The Sahara Desert is an unfriendly environment. During the day it’s very hot, and at night it’s sometimes very cold. It is also difficult to find water in the Sahara. In 2006, Kevin Lin, Ray Zahab, and Charlie Engle decided to do something very difficult. They made the decision to run across the Sahara Desert—4,300 miles (6,920 km). It seemed impossible to do, but they wanted to try. The three men liked to test themselves, and this would be a very big test. On the morning of November 2, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie started their trip across the Sahara. Every morning they began running at 5:00. At 11 am they stopped and rested until 5 pm. Then they ran again until 9:30 in the evening. Each day they ran about 40 miles (64 km). Every day it was the same thing. They got up and ran. They listened to music on their iPods, and they ran and ran. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed to eat a lot of food during their trip. Most people need about 2,000 calories of food each day. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed between 6,000 and 9,000 calories every day. That’s a lot of food! They also needed to drink a lot of water. The three men had some problems on their trip, and many times they wanted to quit and go home. It was often very hot (140℉/60℃) during the day, and the heat made them sick. their legs and feet hurt. Sometimes it was very windy, and they couldn’t see. One time they got lost. But they didn’t quit. After 111 days, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie successfully finished their trip across the Sahara Desert. They hugged each other and put their hands in the water of the Red Sea. Then they ran to a hotel to take a long shower. The Sahara Desert is not fit for people to live in because of its_____

A.extreme weather
B.remoteness
C.vastness
D.salty water

31.Why Buy Shade-Grown Coffee When people argue about whether coffee is good for health, they’re usually thinking of the health of the coffee drinker. Is it food for your heart Does it increase blood pressure Does it help you concentrate However, coffee affects the health of the human population in other ways, too. Traditionally, coffee bushes were planted under the canopy(树冠)of taller indigenous(土生土长的)trees. However, more and more farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land to grow full-sun coffees. At first, this increases production because more coffee bushes can be planted if there aren’t any trees. With increased production come increased profits. Unfortunately, deforesting for coffee production immediately decreases local wildlife habitat. Native birds nest and hide from predators(捕食者)in the tall trees and migrating birds rest there. Furthermore, in the long term, the full-sun method also damages the ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides are needed to grow the coffee. The fertilizers and pesticides kill insects that eat coffee plant, but then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicals kill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people will eventually drink. Fortunately, farmers in Central and South America are beginning to grow more coffee bushes in the shade. We can support these farmers by buying coffee with such labels as "shade grown" and "bird friendly." Sure, these varieties might cost a little more. But we’re paying for the health of the birds, the land, ourselves, and the planet. I think it’s worth it. What is the main idea of this passage

A.Farmers are changing the way they grow coffee.
B.Coffee is becoming more expensive to produce.
C.Shade-grow coffee is more expensive than sun-grow coffee.
D.People should buy shade-grown coffee.

32.Interview with Allan Gray 1)I was working for a multinational company in the early 1980s, and my brother asked me if I was interested in going into partnership with him to set up a language school. I’d always wanted to work for myself, and I was a bit fed up with working for someone else, so I said yes. Primarily, I wanted the freedom to make my own decisions, I wanted room to be creative, and also I wanted to be able to get the credit and keep the profits if we were successful. I was also happy to carry the can and take the blame if things went wrong. These thing are not possible if you work as an employee in a large organization. 2)I had to borrow money to help start the business, but we were lucky because we also had some outside capital to put into the business. These days it can be really hard to persuade banks to lend money to people who want to start a company, so we were fortunate. It was fairly easy to set up the business, because we had a very clear idea of what we wanted to do. The problem was, all our preconceptions(预想)about what it would be like to run a business were wrong. We made lots of mistakes, and we almost went bankrupt(破产的)at the beginning. At one point, we only had two students in the school. 3)Far too long! We lost money for the first four years and, as I was saying, we nearly went out of business. It took quite a long time to start making profit. The best thing we did, though, was that we hired some really good people to work for us. In fact, some of those people are still working for us, 24 years later. Now we’re doing well, but it was very risky at first. 4)One is financial constraint(约束). It can be very tough. Think all small businesses have cashflow problems—it often takes a long time to get paid by your customers. The second big problem is marketing. It takes a lot of funds to market your business, and you have to get your name known and build a reputation. But the biggest challenge is managing the people. All businesses are about people, and you have to learn how to deal with all kinds of people—and I think we’ve been extremely good at getting the best of our staff. Paragraph 1()

A.Strategies in expanding a small business
B.Right people to run a business
C.Time-consuming experience of being successful
D.Challenges of running a business
E.Difficulties in starting the business
F.Reasons for working for oneself

34.Explore Jordan Wadi Rum is the name given to a valley cut into the sandstone and hard rock in southwest Jordan. _____(46)The name Rum most likely comes from an Aramaic word meaning "high" or "elevated", The area around Wadi Rum is now also one of Jordan’s most important tourist destinations, and attracts an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly trekkers(越野者),but also for camel safaris(旅行)or simply day-trippers from Aqaba or Petra. In contrast, there are almost no local or Arab tourists, through Disi attracts young people from Amman at the weekends. Popular activities in the desert environment include camping under the stars, riding Arab horses, and rock-climbing amongst the massive rock formations .Jebal Rum (Jebal means "mountain") is 1,574 metres above sea level. _____(47). But Jordan is not simply a desert environment—it also contains the area which is the lowest point to the face of the Earth—the incredible Dead Sea, popular with tourists for swimming. _____(48)Once the waters reach the Dead Sea they are landlocked and have nowhere to go, so they evaporate ,leaving behind a dense ,rich cocktail(混合的)of salts and minerals that supply industry, agriculture and medicine with some of its finest products. Once again, tourists benefit and can participate in water spa treatments and water therapies. The Dead Sea is located in the Syro-African Rift, a 4,000-mile fault line in the Earth’s crust. The lowest point of dry land on Earth is the shoreline of the Dead Sea at 1,300 feet below sea level .Because the lake is at the lowest point, this means that water does not drain from it. _____(49)Figures for the Dead Sea’s salinity(盐度)today range from 25% to 35%. But the greatest tourist attraction is the incredible city of Petra. _____(50)It is a vast, unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2,000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes that linked China India and southern Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome. Today, visitors can marvel at the architecture and explore life as it was thousands of years ago.  46()

A.It is the second highest peak in Jordan, rising directly above the Rum valley opposite Jebal Urn Ishrin.
B.This vast stretch of water receives a number of incoming rivers, including the River Jordan.
C.The area has been used as a background setting in a number of films.
D.It is the largest wadi (riverbed) in Jordan.
E.Every day seven million tons of water evaporate from the lake, but the minerals remain, causing the salt content to increase.
F.It is without doubt Jordan’s most valuable treasure.

35.The Value of tears Tears can ruin make-up, bring conversation to a stop, and give you a runny nose. They can leave you embarrassed and without energy. However, crying is a fact of life, and tears are very useful. Even when you’re not crying, your eyes produce tears. These create a film over the eye’s surface. This film contains a substance that protects your eyes against infection. Tears relieve stress, but we tend to fight them for all sorts of reasons. "People worry about showing their emotions. They’re afraid that once they lose control, they’ll never get it back." explains psychologist Dorothy Rowe. "As children we were sometimes punished for shedding tears or expressing anger. As adults we still fear the consequences of showing emotions." Almost any emotion—good or bad, happy or sad—can cause tears. Crying is a way that we release built-up emotions. Tears help you when you feel you are ready to explode because of very strong feelings. It may explain why people who are afraid to cry often suffer more heart attacks than people who cry more freely. When some people become very stressed, however, they can’t cry. They may be feeling shock, anger, fear, or grief, but they repress(抑制)the emotion. "Everyone has the need to cry," says psychotherapist(精神治疗师)Vera Diamond. Sometimes in therapy sessions, patients participate in crying exercises. They practice crying so that they can get used to expressing emotion. Diamond says it’s best to cry in safe, private places, like under the bedcovers or in the car. That’s because many people get uncomfortable when others cry in front of them. In fact, they may be repressing their own need to cry. In certain situations, such as at work, tears are not appropriate. It’s good to hold back tears during a tense business discussion. "But once you are safely behind closed doors,don’t just cry," Diamond says. She suggests that you act out the whole situation again and be as noisy and angry as you like. It will help you feel better. "And," she adds, "once our tears have released the stress, you can begin to think of logical ways to deal problem." Tears are a sign of our ability to feel. You should never be afraid to cry. The word "film" in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to_____

A.door
B.point
C.coat
D.level

36.Why Buy Shade-Grown Coffee When people argue about whether coffee is good for health, they’re usually thinking of the health of the coffee drinker. Is it food for your heart Does it increase blood pressure Does it help you concentrate However, coffee affects the health of the human population in other ways, too. Traditionally, coffee bushes were planted under the canopy(树冠)of taller indigenous(土生土长的)trees. However, more and more farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land to grow full-sun coffees. At first, this increases production because more coffee bushes can be planted if there aren’t any trees. With increased production come increased profits. Unfortunately, deforesting for coffee production immediately decreases local wildlife habitat. Native birds nest and hide from predators(捕食者)in the tall trees and migrating birds rest there. Furthermore, in the long term, the full-sun method also damages the ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides are needed to grow the coffee. The fertilizers and pesticides kill insects that eat coffee plant, but then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicals kill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people will eventually drink. Fortunately, farmers in Central and South America are beginning to grow more coffee bushes in the shade. We can support these farmers by buying coffee with such labels as "shade grown" and "bird friendly." Sure, these varieties might cost a little more. But we’re paying for the health of the birds, the land, ourselves, and the planet. I think it’s worth it. The function of the word "Traditionally" in Paragraph 2 is to show_____.

A.the positive effects of coffee.
B.a change of coffee growth.
C.something that is the most important.
D.how coffee production used to be.

37.Living History at Jamestown Settlement A woman in Native American clothes is sitting in the sun, sewing address form animal skin, Inside a building, a colonist is making a wooden chair, using very simple tools. This is all around, tourists are taking pictures with their digital(数码的)cameras. This is Jamestown settlement today. Jamestown, Virginia, was one of the first place in the word where people form Europe, American, and Africa came together in 1608. Today, it is a living history museum, where children and adults come to experience history. In a living history museum, actors wear clothes and adults form the past and demonstrate many of the activities of daily life back then. The actor also talk to the visitors and explain everything they do. At a living history museum, there are always many things to touch, hear, and smell. Visitors at Jamestown settlement can walk through copies of the three small sailing ships that carried colonists to Virginia and even lie down in a colonist’s bed! The colonists stayed on the crowed, dangerous ships for more than four months. When they got to Virginia, they built an area of houses with a high wall around it. In today’s fort(堡垒), you can see houses, a church, and even a garden with foods that the colonists ate. Women in long dresses work inside their homes, and visitor can help them with their sewing and cooking. There is also an Indian Village at Jamestown settlement, and it looks very different from the fort. It shows how the Indians lived in long houses and grew corn and other crops in large fields. Actors there make pottery(陶器)and teach visitors how to play Indian games. You can even help them make an India boat form a tree! Today, the living history museum of Jamestown is very popular, especially with children and families. People come here to have fun, but also to learn. Many school classes visit to experience old ways of getting things done. A living history museum is the best way to understand how people lived in the past. In Jamestown, people form three difficult cultures came together in 1608.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

38.Explore Jordan Wadi Rum is the name given to a valley cut into the sandstone and hard rock in southwest Jordan. _____(46)The name Rum most likely comes from an Aramaic word meaning "high" or "elevated", The area around Wadi Rum is now also one of Jordan’s most important tourist destinations, and attracts an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly trekkers(越野者),but also for camel safaris(旅行)or simply day-trippers from Aqaba or Petra. In contrast, there are almost no local or Arab tourists, through Disi attracts young people from Amman at the weekends. Popular activities in the desert environment include camping under the stars, riding Arab horses, and rock-climbing amongst the massive rock formations .Jebal Rum (Jebal means "mountain") is 1,574 metres above sea level. _____(47). But Jordan is not simply a desert environment—it also contains the area which is the lowest point to the face of the Earth—the incredible Dead Sea, popular with tourists for swimming. _____(48)Once the waters reach the Dead Sea they are landlocked and have nowhere to go, so they evaporate ,leaving behind a dense ,rich cocktail(混合的)of salts and minerals that supply industry, agriculture and medicine with some of its finest products. Once again, tourists benefit and can participate in water spa treatments and water therapies. The Dead Sea is located in the Syro-African Rift, a 4,000-mile fault line in the Earth’s crust. The lowest point of dry land on Earth is the shoreline of the Dead Sea at 1,300 feet below sea level .Because the lake is at the lowest point, this means that water does not drain from it. _____(49)Figures for the Dead Sea’s salinity(盐度)today range from 25% to 35%. But the greatest tourist attraction is the incredible city of Petra. _____(50)It is a vast, unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2,000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes that linked China India and southern Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome. Today, visitors can marvel at the architecture and explore life as it was thousands of years ago. 47()

A.It is the second highest peak in Jordan, rising directly above the Rum valley opposite Jebal Urn Ishrin.
B.This vast stretch of water receives a number of incoming rivers, including the River Jordan.
C.The area has been used as a background setting in a number of films.
D.It is the largest wadi (riverbed) in Jordan.
E.Every day seven million tons of water evaporate from the lake, but the minerals remain, causing the salt content to increase.
F.It is without doubt Jordan’s most valuable treasure.

39.Interview with Allan Gray 1)I was working for a multinational company in the early 1980s, and my brother asked me if I was interested in going into partnership with him to set up a language school. I’d always wanted to work for myself, and I was a bit fed up with working for someone else, so I said yes. Primarily, I wanted the freedom to make my own decisions, I wanted room to be creative, and also I wanted to be able to get the credit and keep the profits if we were successful. I was also happy to carry the can and take the blame if things went wrong. These thing are not possible if you work as an employee in a large organization. 2)I had to borrow money to help start the business, but we were lucky because we also had some outside capital to put into the business. These days it can be really hard to persuade banks to lend money to people who want to start a company, so we were fortunate. It was fairly easy to set up the business, because we had a very clear idea of what we wanted to do. The problem was, all our preconceptions(预想)about what it would be like to run a business were wrong. We made lots of mistakes, and we almost went bankrupt(破产的)at the beginning. At one point, we only had two students in the school. 3)Far too long! We lost money for the first four years and, as I was saying, we nearly went out of business. It took quite a long time to start making profit. The best thing we did, though, was that we hired some really good people to work for us. In fact, some of those people are still working for us, 24 years later. Now we’re doing well, but it was very risky at first. 4)One is financial constraint(约束). It can be very tough. Think all small businesses have cashflow problems—it often takes a long time to get paid by your customers. The second big problem is marketing. It takes a lot of funds to market your business, and you have to get your name known and build a reputation. But the biggest challenge is managing the people. All businesses are about people, and you have to learn how to deal with all kinds of people—and I think we’ve been extremely good at getting the best of our staff. Paragraph 2()

A.Strategies in expanding a small business
B.Right people to run a business
C.Time-consuming experience of being successful
D.Challenges of running a business
E.Difficulties in starting the business
F.Reasons for working for oneself

41.Across the Desert The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world. It stretches across Africa from Senegal to Egypt. The Sahara Desert is an unfriendly environment. During the day it’s very hot, and at night it’s sometimes very cold. It is also difficult to find water in the Sahara. In 2006, Kevin Lin, Ray Zahab, and Charlie Engle decided to do something very difficult. They made the decision to run across the Sahara Desert—4,300 miles (6,920 km). It seemed impossible to do, but they wanted to try. The three men liked to test themselves, and this would be a very big test. On the morning of November 2, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie started their trip across the Sahara. Every morning they began running at 5:00. At 11 am they stopped and rested until 5 pm. Then they ran again until 9:30 in the evening. Each day they ran about 40 miles (64 km). Every day it was the same thing. They got up and ran. They listened to music on their iPods, and they ran and ran. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed to eat a lot of food during their trip. Most people need about 2,000 calories of food each day. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed between 6,000 and 9,000 calories every day. That’s a lot of food! They also needed to drink a lot of water. The three men had some problems on their trip, and many times they wanted to quit and go home. It was often very hot (140℉/60℃) during the day, and the heat made them sick. their legs and feet hurt. Sometimes it was very windy, and they couldn’t see. One time they got lost. But they didn’t quit. After 111 days, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie successfully finished their trip across the Sahara Desert. They hugged each other and put their hands in the water of the Red Sea. Then they ran to a hotel to take a long shower. What does "a very big test" in Paragraph 2 mean

A.A competitive examination.
B.A wise decision.
C.A real challenge.
D.A time-saving task.

42.The Value of tears Tears can ruin make-up, bring conversation to a stop, and give you a runny nose. They can leave you embarrassed and without energy. However, crying is a fact of life, and tears are very useful. Even when you’re not crying, your eyes produce tears. These create a film over the eye’s surface. This film contains a substance that protects your eyes against infection. Tears relieve stress, but we tend to fight them for all sorts of reasons. "People worry about showing their emotions. They’re afraid that once they lose control, they’ll never get it back." explains psychologist Dorothy Rowe. "As children we were sometimes punished for shedding tears or expressing anger. As adults we still fear the consequences of showing emotions." Almost any emotion—good or bad, happy or sad—can cause tears. Crying is a way that we release built-up emotions. Tears help you when you feel you are ready to explode because of very strong feelings. It may explain why people who are afraid to cry often suffer more heart attacks than people who cry more freely. When some people become very stressed, however, they can’t cry. They may be feeling shock, anger, fear, or grief, but they repress(抑制)the emotion. "Everyone has the need to cry," says psychotherapist(精神治疗师)Vera Diamond. Sometimes in therapy sessions, patients participate in crying exercises. They practice crying so that they can get used to expressing emotion. Diamond says it’s best to cry in safe, private places, like under the bedcovers or in the car. That’s because many people get uncomfortable when others cry in front of them. In fact, they may be repressing their own need to cry. In certain situations, such as at work, tears are not appropriate. It’s good to hold back tears during a tense business discussion. "But once you are safely behind closed doors,don’t just cry," Diamond says. She suggests that you act out the whole situation again and be as noisy and angry as you like. It will help you feel better. "And," she adds, "once our tears have released the stress, you can begin to think of logical ways to deal problem." Tears are a sign of our ability to feel. You should never be afraid to cry. Crying is useful in that it_____

A.helps you not to explode.
B.eases heart attacks.
C.makes others comfortable.
D.cleans your eyes.

43.Why Buy Shade-Grown Coffee When people argue about whether coffee is good for health, they’re usually thinking of the health of the coffee drinker. Is it food for your heart Does it increase blood pressure Does it help you concentrate However, coffee affects the health of the human population in other ways, too. Traditionally, coffee bushes were planted under the canopy(树冠)of taller indigenous(土生土长的)trees. However, more and more farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land to grow full-sun coffees. At first, this increases production because more coffee bushes can be planted if there aren’t any trees. With increased production come increased profits. Unfortunately, deforesting for coffee production immediately decreases local wildlife habitat. Native birds nest and hide from predators(捕食者)in the tall trees and migrating birds rest there. Furthermore, in the long term, the full-sun method also damages the ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides are needed to grow the coffee. The fertilizers and pesticides kill insects that eat coffee plant, but then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicals kill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people will eventually drink. Fortunately, farmers in Central and South America are beginning to grow more coffee bushes in the shade. We can support these farmers by buying coffee with such labels as "shade grown" and "bird friendly." Sure, these varieties might cost a little more. But we’re paying for the health of the birds, the land, ourselves, and the planet. I think it’s worth it. What does increased production of full-sun coffee bring about

A.More insects.
B.Better quality coffee.
C.Larger farms.
D.Higher profits.

44.Interview with Allan Gray 1)I was working for a multinational company in the early 1980s, and my brother asked me if I was interested in going into partnership with him to set up a language school. I’d always wanted to work for myself, and I was a bit fed up with working for someone else, so I said yes. Primarily, I wanted the freedom to make my own decisions, I wanted room to be creative, and also I wanted to be able to get the credit and keep the profits if we were successful. I was also happy to carry the can and take the blame if things went wrong. These thing are not possible if you work as an employee in a large organization. 2)I had to borrow money to help start the business, but we were lucky because we also had some outside capital to put into the business. These days it can be really hard to persuade banks to lend money to people who want to start a company, so we were fortunate. It was fairly easy to set up the business, because we had a very clear idea of what we wanted to do. The problem was, all our preconceptions(预想)about what it would be like to run a business were wrong. We made lots of mistakes, and we almost went bankrupt(破产的)at the beginning. At one point, we only had two students in the school. 3)Far too long! We lost money for the first four years and, as I was saying, we nearly went out of business. It took quite a long time to start making profit. The best thing we did, though, was that we hired some really good people to work for us. In fact, some of those people are still working for us, 24 years later. Now we’re doing well, but it was very risky at first. 4)One is financial constraint(约束). It can be very tough. Think all small businesses have cashflow problems—it often takes a long time to get paid by your customers. The second big problem is marketing. It takes a lot of funds to market your business, and you have to get your name known and build a reputation. But the biggest challenge is managing the people. All businesses are about people, and you have to learn how to deal with all kinds of people—and I think we’ve been extremely good at getting the best of our staff. Paragraph 3()

A.Strategies in expanding a small business
B.Right people to run a business
C.Time-consuming experience of being successful
D.Challenges of running a business
E.Difficulties in starting the business
F.Reasons for working for oneself

45.Explore Jordan Wadi Rum is the name given to a valley cut into the sandstone and hard rock in southwest Jordan. _____(46)The name Rum most likely comes from an Aramaic word meaning "high" or "elevated", The area around Wadi Rum is now also one of Jordan’s most important tourist destinations, and attracts an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly trekkers(越野者),but also for camel safaris(旅行)or simply day-trippers from Aqaba or Petra. In contrast, there are almost no local or Arab tourists, through Disi attracts young people from Amman at the weekends. Popular activities in the desert environment include camping under the stars, riding Arab horses, and rock-climbing amongst the massive rock formations .Jebal Rum (Jebal means "mountain") is 1,574 metres above sea level. _____(47). But Jordan is not simply a desert environment—it also contains the area which is the lowest point to the face of the Earth—the incredible Dead Sea, popular with tourists for swimming. _____(48)Once the waters reach the Dead Sea they are landlocked and have nowhere to go, so they evaporate ,leaving behind a dense ,rich cocktail(混合的)of salts and minerals that supply industry, agriculture and medicine with some of its finest products. Once again, tourists benefit and can participate in water spa treatments and water therapies. The Dead Sea is located in the Syro-African Rift, a 4,000-mile fault line in the Earth’s crust. The lowest point of dry land on Earth is the shoreline of the Dead Sea at 1,300 feet below sea level .Because the lake is at the lowest point, this means that water does not drain from it. _____(49)Figures for the Dead Sea’s salinity(盐度)today range from 25% to 35%. But the greatest tourist attraction is the incredible city of Petra. _____(50)It is a vast, unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2,000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes that linked China India and southern Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome. Today, visitors can marvel at the architecture and explore life as it was thousands of years ago. 48()

A.It is the second highest peak in Jordan, rising directly above the Rum valley opposite Jebal Urn Ishrin.
B.This vast stretch of water receives a number of incoming rivers, including the River Jordan.
C.The area has been used as a background setting in a number of films.
D.It is the largest wadi (riverbed) in Jordan.
E.Every day seven million tons of water evaporate from the lake, but the minerals remain, causing the salt content to increase.
F.It is without doubt Jordan’s most valuable treasure.

46.Living History at Jamestown Settlement A woman in Native American clothes is sitting in the sun, sewing address form animal skin, Inside a building, a colonist is making a wooden chair, using very simple tools. This is all around, tourists are taking pictures with their digital(数码的)cameras. This is Jamestown settlement today. Jamestown, Virginia, was one of the first place in the word where people form Europe, American, and Africa came together in 1608. Today, it is a living history museum, where children and adults come to experience history. In a living history museum, actors wear clothes and adults form the past and demonstrate many of the activities of daily life back then. The actor also talk to the visitors and explain everything they do. At a living history museum, there are always many things to touch, hear, and smell. Visitors at Jamestown settlement can walk through copies of the three small sailing ships that carried colonists to Virginia and even lie down in a colonist’s bed! The colonists stayed on the crowed, dangerous ships for more than four months. When they got to Virginia, they built an area of houses with a high wall around it. In today’s fort(堡垒), you can see houses, a church, and even a garden with foods that the colonists ate. Women in long dresses work inside their homes, and visitor can help them with their sewing and cooking. There is also an Indian Village at Jamestown settlement, and it looks very different from the fort. It shows how the Indians lived in long houses and grew corn and other crops in large fields. Actors there make pottery(陶器)and teach visitors how to play Indian games. You can even help them make an India boat form a tree! Today, the living history museum of Jamestown is very popular, especially with children and families. People come here to have fun, but also to learn. Many school classes visit to experience old ways of getting things done. A living history museum is the best way to understand how people lived in the past. At a living history museum, visitors cannot touch any of the things on display.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

48.The Value of tears Tears can ruin make-up, bring conversation to a stop, and give you a runny nose. They can leave you embarrassed and without energy. However, crying is a fact of life, and tears are very useful. Even when you’re not crying, your eyes produce tears. These create a film over the eye’s surface. This film contains a substance that protects your eyes against infection. Tears relieve stress, but we tend to fight them for all sorts of reasons. "People worry about showing their emotions. They’re afraid that once they lose control, they’ll never get it back." explains psychologist Dorothy Rowe. "As children we were sometimes punished for shedding tears or expressing anger. As adults we still fear the consequences of showing emotions." Almost any emotion—good or bad, happy or sad—can cause tears. Crying is a way that we release built-up emotions. Tears help you when you feel you are ready to explode because of very strong feelings. It may explain why people who are afraid to cry often suffer more heart attacks than people who cry more freely. When some people become very stressed, however, they can’t cry. They may be feeling shock, anger, fear, or grief, but they repress(抑制)the emotion. "Everyone has the need to cry," says psychotherapist(精神治疗师)Vera Diamond. Sometimes in therapy sessions, patients participate in crying exercises. They practice crying so that they can get used to expressing emotion. Diamond says it’s best to cry in safe, private places, like under the bedcovers or in the car. That’s because many people get uncomfortable when others cry in front of them. In fact, they may be repressing their own need to cry. In certain situations, such as at work, tears are not appropriate. It’s good to hold back tears during a tense business discussion. "But once you are safely behind closed doors,don’t just cry," Diamond says. She suggests that you act out the whole situation again and be as noisy and angry as you like. It will help you feel better. "And," she adds, "once our tears have released the stress, you can begin to think of logical ways to deal problem." Tears are a sign of our ability to feel. You should never be afraid to cry. According to Vera Diamond, crying should be_____

A.practiced.
B.repressed.
C.punished.
D.done in public.

49.Across the Desert The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world. It stretches across Africa from Senegal to Egypt. The Sahara Desert is an unfriendly environment. During the day it’s very hot, and at night it’s sometimes very cold. It is also difficult to find water in the Sahara. In 2006, Kevin Lin, Ray Zahab, and Charlie Engle decided to do something very difficult. They made the decision to run across the Sahara Desert—4,300 miles (6,920 km). It seemed impossible to do, but they wanted to try. The three men liked to test themselves, and this would be a very big test. On the morning of November 2, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie started their trip across the Sahara. Every morning they began running at 5:00. At 11 am they stopped and rested until 5 pm. Then they ran again until 9:30 in the evening. Each day they ran about 40 miles (64 km). Every day it was the same thing. They got up and ran. They listened to music on their iPods, and they ran and ran. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed to eat a lot of food during their trip. Most people need about 2,000 calories of food each day. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed between 6,000 and 9,000 calories every day. That’s a lot of food! They also needed to drink a lot of water. The three men had some problems on their trip, and many times they wanted to quit and go home. It was often very hot (140℉/60℃) during the day, and the heat made them sick. their legs and feet hurt. Sometimes it was very windy, and they couldn’t see. One time they got lost. But they didn’t quit. After 111 days, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie successfully finished their trip across the Sahara Desert. They hugged each other and put their hands in the water of the Red Sea. Then they ran to a hotel to take a long shower. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie_____

A.rested at 5 pm every day.
B.took a short break an noon.
C.started their trip every morning.
D.didn’t run in the evening.

50.Living History at Jamestown Settlement A woman in Native American clothes is sitting in the sun, sewing address form animal skin, Inside a building, a colonist is making a wooden chair, using very simple tools. This is all around, tourists are taking pictures with their digital(数码的)cameras. This is Jamestown settlement today. Jamestown, Virginia, was one of the first place in the word where people form Europe, American, and Africa came together in 1608. Today, it is a living history museum, where children and adults come to experience history. In a living history museum, actors wear clothes and adults form the past and demonstrate many of the activities of daily life back then. The actor also talk to the visitors and explain everything they do. At a living history museum, there are always many things to touch, hear, and smell. Visitors at Jamestown settlement can walk through copies of the three small sailing ships that carried colonists to Virginia and even lie down in a colonist’s bed! The colonists stayed on the crowed, dangerous ships for more than four months. When they got to Virginia, they built an area of houses with a high wall around it. In today’s fort(堡垒), you can see houses, a church, and even a garden with foods that the colonists ate. Women in long dresses work inside their homes, and visitor can help them with their sewing and cooking. There is also an Indian Village at Jamestown settlement, and it looks very different from the fort. It shows how the Indians lived in long houses and grew corn and other crops in large fields. Actors there make pottery(陶器)and teach visitors how to play Indian games. You can even help them make an India boat form a tree! Today, the living history museum of Jamestown is very popular, especially with children and families. People come here to have fun, but also to learn. Many school classes visit to experience old ways of getting things done. A living history museum is the best way to understand how people lived in the past. The first colonists to Jamestown were form England.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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