易哈佛 \ 职称英语 \ 2014年青海职称英语考试考前冲刺卷(5)

2014年青海职称英语考试考前冲刺卷(5)

2014年青海职称英语考试考前冲刺卷(5)

  • 本卷共分为1大题50小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共50题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.Explore Jordan Wadi Rum is the name given to a valley cut into the sandstone and hard rock in southwest Jordan. _____(46)The name Rum most likely comes from an Aramaic word meaning "high" or "elevated", The area around Wadi Rum is now also one of Jordan’s most important tourist destinations, and attracts an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly trekkers(越野者),but also for camel safaris(旅行)or simply day-trippers from Aqaba or Petra. In contrast, there are almost no local or Arab tourists, through Disi attracts young people from Amman at the weekends. Popular activities in the desert environment include camping under the stars, riding Arab horses, and rock-climbing amongst the massive rock formations .Jebal Rum (Jebal means "mountain") is 1,574 metres above sea level. _____(47). But Jordan is not simply a desert environment—it also contains the area which is the lowest point to the face of the Earth—the incredible Dead Sea, popular with tourists for swimming. _____(48)Once the waters reach the Dead Sea they are landlocked and have nowhere to go, so they evaporate ,leaving behind a dense ,rich cocktail(混合的)of salts and minerals that supply industry, agriculture and medicine with some of its finest products. Once again, tourists benefit and can participate in water spa treatments and water therapies. The Dead Sea is located in the Syro-African Rift, a 4,000-mile fault line in the Earth’s crust. The lowest point of dry land on Earth is the shoreline of the Dead Sea at 1,300 feet below sea level .Because the lake is at the lowest point, this means that water does not drain from it. _____(49)Figures for the Dead Sea’s salinity(盐度)today range from 25% to 35%. But the greatest tourist attraction is the incredible city of Petra. _____(50)It is a vast, unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2,000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes that linked China India and southern Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome. Today, visitors can marvel at the architecture and explore life as it was thousands of years ago. 49()

A.It is the second highest peak in Jordan, rising directly above the Rum valley opposite Jebal Urn Ishrin.
B.This vast stretch of water receives a number of incoming rivers, including the River Jordan.
C.The area has been used as a background setting in a number of films.
D.It is the largest wadi (riverbed) in Jordan.
E.Every day seven million tons of water evaporate from the lake, but the minerals remain, causing the salt content to increase.
F.It is without doubt Jordan’s most valuable treasure.

2.Interview with Allan Gray 1)I was working for a multinational company in the early 1980s, and my brother asked me if I was interested in going into partnership with him to set up a language school. I’d always wanted to work for myself, and I was a bit fed up with working for someone else, so I said yes. Primarily, I wanted the freedom to make my own decisions, I wanted room to be creative, and also I wanted to be able to get the credit and keep the profits if we were successful. I was also happy to carry the can and take the blame if things went wrong. These thing are not possible if you work as an employee in a large organization. 2)I had to borrow money to help start the business, but we were lucky because we also had some outside capital to put into the business. These days it can be really hard to persuade banks to lend money to people who want to start a company, so we were fortunate. It was fairly easy to set up the business, because we had a very clear idea of what we wanted to do. The problem was, all our preconceptions(预想)about what it would be like to run a business were wrong. We made lots of mistakes, and we almost went bankrupt(破产的)at the beginning. At one point, we only had two students in the school. 3)Far too long! We lost money for the first four years and, as I was saying, we nearly went out of business. It took quite a long time to start making profit. The best thing we did, though, was that we hired some really good people to work for us. In fact, some of those people are still working for us, 24 years later. Now we’re doing well, but it was very risky at first. 4)One is financial constraint(约束). It can be very tough. Think all small businesses have cashflow problems—it often takes a long time to get paid by your customers. The second big problem is marketing. It takes a lot of funds to market your business, and you have to get your name known and build a reputation. But the biggest challenge is managing the people. All businesses are about people, and you have to learn how to deal with all kinds of people—and I think we’ve been extremely good at getting the best of our staff. Paragraph 4()

A.Strategies in expanding a small business
B.Right people to run a business
C.Time-consuming experience of being successful
D.Challenges of running a business
E.Difficulties in starting the business
F.Reasons for working for oneself

3.Why Buy Shade-Grown Coffee When people argue about whether coffee is good for health, they’re usually thinking of the health of the coffee drinker. Is it food for your heart Does it increase blood pressure Does it help you concentrate However, coffee affects the health of the human population in other ways, too. Traditionally, coffee bushes were planted under the canopy(树冠)of taller indigenous(土生土长的)trees. However, more and more farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land to grow full-sun coffees. At first, this increases production because more coffee bushes can be planted if there aren’t any trees. With increased production come increased profits. Unfortunately, deforesting for coffee production immediately decreases local wildlife habitat. Native birds nest and hide from predators(捕食者)in the tall trees and migrating birds rest there. Furthermore, in the long term, the full-sun method also damages the ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides are needed to grow the coffee. The fertilizers and pesticides kill insects that eat coffee plant, but then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicals kill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people will eventually drink. Fortunately, farmers in Central and South America are beginning to grow more coffee bushes in the shade. We can support these farmers by buying coffee with such labels as "shade grown" and "bird friendly." Sure, these varieties might cost a little more. But we’re paying for the health of the birds, the land, ourselves, and the planet. I think it’s worth it. How do farmers find more land for growing full-sun coffee

A.They buy more land from other farmers.
B.They cut down trees.
C.They move to another country.
D.They turn grassland into farmland.

5.Across the Desert The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world. It stretches across Africa from Senegal to Egypt. The Sahara Desert is an unfriendly environment. During the day it’s very hot, and at night it’s sometimes very cold. It is also difficult to find water in the Sahara. In 2006, Kevin Lin, Ray Zahab, and Charlie Engle decided to do something very difficult. They made the decision to run across the Sahara Desert—4,300 miles (6,920 km). It seemed impossible to do, but they wanted to try. The three men liked to test themselves, and this would be a very big test. On the morning of November 2, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie started their trip across the Sahara. Every morning they began running at 5:00. At 11 am they stopped and rested until 5 pm. Then they ran again until 9:30 in the evening. Each day they ran about 40 miles (64 km). Every day it was the same thing. They got up and ran. They listened to music on their iPods, and they ran and ran. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed to eat a lot of food during their trip. Most people need about 2,000 calories of food each day. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed between 6,000 and 9,000 calories every day. That’s a lot of food! They also needed to drink a lot of water. The three men had some problems on their trip, and many times they wanted to quit and go home. It was often very hot (140℉/60℃) during the day, and the heat made them sick. their legs and feet hurt. Sometimes it was very windy, and they couldn’t see. One time they got lost. But they didn’t quit. After 111 days, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie successfully finished their trip across the Sahara Desert. They hugged each other and put their hands in the water of the Red Sea. Then they ran to a hotel to take a long shower. The three men realized that their trip was finished when they_____

A.saw the Red Sea.
B.found a hotel.
C.ate up all the food.
D.drank all the water.

6.The Value of tears Tears can ruin make-up, bring conversation to a stop, and give you a runny nose. They can leave you embarrassed and without energy. However, crying is a fact of life, and tears are very useful. Even when you’re not crying, your eyes produce tears. These create a film over the eye’s surface. This film contains a substance that protects your eyes against infection. Tears relieve stress, but we tend to fight them for all sorts of reasons. "People worry about showing their emotions. They’re afraid that once they lose control, they’ll never get it back." explains psychologist Dorothy Rowe. "As children we were sometimes punished for shedding tears or expressing anger. As adults we still fear the consequences of showing emotions." Almost any emotion—good or bad, happy or sad—can cause tears. Crying is a way that we release built-up emotions. Tears help you when you feel you are ready to explode because of very strong feelings. It may explain why people who are afraid to cry often suffer more heart attacks than people who cry more freely. When some people become very stressed, however, they can’t cry. They may be feeling shock, anger, fear, or grief, but they repress(抑制)the emotion. "Everyone has the need to cry," says psychotherapist(精神治疗师)Vera Diamond. Sometimes in therapy sessions, patients participate in crying exercises. They practice crying so that they can get used to expressing emotion. Diamond says it’s best to cry in safe, private places, like under the bedcovers or in the car. That’s because many people get uncomfortable when others cry in front of them. In fact, they may be repressing their own need to cry. In certain situations, such as at work, tears are not appropriate. It’s good to hold back tears during a tense business discussion. "But once you are safely behind closed doors,don’t just cry," Diamond says. She suggests that you act out the whole situation again and be as noisy and angry as you like. It will help you feel better. "And," she adds, "once our tears have released the stress, you can begin to think of logical ways to deal problem." Tears are a sign of our ability to feel. You should never be afraid to cry. What are you expected to do in a tense business discussion

A.Hold back your tears.
B.Cry in private.
C.Release your stress with tears.
D.Find out the problems.

7.Why Buy Shade-Grown Coffee When people argue about whether coffee is good for health, they’re usually thinking of the health of the coffee drinker. Is it food for your heart Does it increase blood pressure Does it help you concentrate However, coffee affects the health of the human population in other ways, too. Traditionally, coffee bushes were planted under the canopy(树冠)of taller indigenous(土生土长的)trees. However, more and more farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land to grow full-sun coffees. At first, this increases production because more coffee bushes can be planted if there aren’t any trees. With increased production come increased profits. Unfortunately, deforesting for coffee production immediately decreases local wildlife habitat. Native birds nest and hide from predators(捕食者)in the tall trees and migrating birds rest there. Furthermore, in the long term, the full-sun method also damages the ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides are needed to grow the coffee. The fertilizers and pesticides kill insects that eat coffee plant, but then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicals kill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people will eventually drink. Fortunately, farmers in Central and South America are beginning to grow more coffee bushes in the shade. We can support these farmers by buying coffee with such labels as "shade grown" and "bird friendly." Sure, these varieties might cost a little more. But we’re paying for the health of the birds, the land, ourselves, and the planet. I think it’s worth it. The full-sun method may affect the following EXCEPT_____.

A.insects
B.air
C.brids
D.humans

8.Interview with Allan Gray 1)I was working for a multinational company in the early 1980s, and my brother asked me if I was interested in going into partnership with him to set up a language school. I’d always wanted to work for myself, and I was a bit fed up with working for someone else, so I said yes. Primarily, I wanted the freedom to make my own decisions, I wanted room to be creative, and also I wanted to be able to get the credit and keep the profits if we were successful. I was also happy to carry the can and take the blame if things went wrong. These thing are not possible if you work as an employee in a large organization. 2)I had to borrow money to help start the business, but we were lucky because we also had some outside capital to put into the business. These days it can be really hard to persuade banks to lend money to people who want to start a company, so we were fortunate. It was fairly easy to set up the business, because we had a very clear idea of what we wanted to do. The problem was, all our preconceptions(预想)about what it would be like to run a business were wrong. We made lots of mistakes, and we almost went bankrupt(破产的)at the beginning. At one point, we only had two students in the school. 3)Far too long! We lost money for the first four years and, as I was saying, we nearly went out of business. It took quite a long time to start making profit. The best thing we did, though, was that we hired some really good people to work for us. In fact, some of those people are still working for us, 24 years later. Now we’re doing well, but it was very risky at first. 4)One is financial constraint(约束). It can be very tough. Think all small businesses have cashflow problems—it often takes a long time to get paid by your customers. The second big problem is marketing. It takes a lot of funds to market your business, and you have to get your name known and build a reputation. But the biggest challenge is managing the people. All businesses are about people, and you have to learn how to deal with all kinds of people—and I think we’ve been extremely good at getting the best of our staff. If you made a bad decision as a boss, you had()

A.to lose your house
B.to manage your employees
C.to keep independent
D.to lend you money
E.to take the responsibility for it
F.to make profit

9.Living History at Jamestown Settlement A woman in Native American clothes is sitting in the sun, sewing address form animal skin, Inside a building, a colonist is making a wooden chair, using very simple tools. This is all around, tourists are taking pictures with their digital(数码的)cameras. This is Jamestown settlement today. Jamestown, Virginia, was one of the first place in the word where people form Europe, American, and Africa came together in 1608. Today, it is a living history museum, where children and adults come to experience history. In a living history museum, actors wear clothes and adults form the past and demonstrate many of the activities of daily life back then. The actor also talk to the visitors and explain everything they do. At a living history museum, there are always many things to touch, hear, and smell. Visitors at Jamestown settlement can walk through copies of the three small sailing ships that carried colonists to Virginia and even lie down in a colonist’s bed! The colonists stayed on the crowed, dangerous ships for more than four months. When they got to Virginia, they built an area of houses with a high wall around it. In today’s fort(堡垒), you can see houses, a church, and even a garden with foods that the colonists ate. Women in long dresses work inside their homes, and visitor can help them with their sewing and cooking. There is also an Indian Village at Jamestown settlement, and it looks very different from the fort. It shows how the Indians lived in long houses and grew corn and other crops in large fields. Actors there make pottery(陶器)and teach visitors how to play Indian games. You can even help them make an India boat form a tree! Today, the living history museum of Jamestown is very popular, especially with children and families. People come here to have fun, but also to learn. Many school classes visit to experience old ways of getting things done. A living history museum is the best way to understand how people lived in the past. The actors working at the museum explain what they do to the visitors.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

10.Explore Jordan Wadi Rum is the name given to a valley cut into the sandstone and hard rock in southwest Jordan. _____(46)The name Rum most likely comes from an Aramaic word meaning "high" or "elevated", The area around Wadi Rum is now also one of Jordan’s most important tourist destinations, and attracts an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly trekkers(越野者),but also for camel safaris(旅行)or simply day-trippers from Aqaba or Petra. In contrast, there are almost no local or Arab tourists, through Disi attracts young people from Amman at the weekends. Popular activities in the desert environment include camping under the stars, riding Arab horses, and rock-climbing amongst the massive rock formations .Jebal Rum (Jebal means "mountain") is 1,574 metres above sea level. _____(47). But Jordan is not simply a desert environment—it also contains the area which is the lowest point to the face of the Earth—the incredible Dead Sea, popular with tourists for swimming. _____(48)Once the waters reach the Dead Sea they are landlocked and have nowhere to go, so they evaporate ,leaving behind a dense ,rich cocktail(混合的)of salts and minerals that supply industry, agriculture and medicine with some of its finest products. Once again, tourists benefit and can participate in water spa treatments and water therapies. The Dead Sea is located in the Syro-African Rift, a 4,000-mile fault line in the Earth’s crust. The lowest point of dry land on Earth is the shoreline of the Dead Sea at 1,300 feet below sea level .Because the lake is at the lowest point, this means that water does not drain from it. _____(49)Figures for the Dead Sea’s salinity(盐度)today range from 25% to 35%. But the greatest tourist attraction is the incredible city of Petra. _____(50)It is a vast, unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2,000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes that linked China India and southern Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome. Today, visitors can marvel at the architecture and explore life as it was thousands of years ago. 50()

A.It is the second highest peak in Jordan, rising directly above the Rum valley opposite Jebal Urn Ishrin.
B.This vast stretch of water receives a number of incoming rivers, including the River Jordan.
C.The area has been used as a background setting in a number of films.
D.It is the largest wadi (riverbed) in Jordan.
E.Every day seven million tons of water evaporate from the lake, but the minerals remain, causing the salt content to increase.
F.It is without doubt Jordan’s most valuable treasure.

12.Interview with Allan Gray 1)I was working for a multinational company in the early 1980s, and my brother asked me if I was interested in going into partnership with him to set up a language school. I’d always wanted to work for myself, and I was a bit fed up with working for someone else, so I said yes. Primarily, I wanted the freedom to make my own decisions, I wanted room to be creative, and also I wanted to be able to get the credit and keep the profits if we were successful. I was also happy to carry the can and take the blame if things went wrong. These thing are not possible if you work as an employee in a large organization. 2)I had to borrow money to help start the business, but we were lucky because we also had some outside capital to put into the business. These days it can be really hard to persuade banks to lend money to people who want to start a company, so we were fortunate. It was fairly easy to set up the business, because we had a very clear idea of what we wanted to do. The problem was, all our preconceptions(预想)about what it would be like to run a business were wrong. We made lots of mistakes, and we almost went bankrupt(破产的)at the beginning. At one point, we only had two students in the school. 3)Far too long! We lost money for the first four years and, as I was saying, we nearly went out of business. It took quite a long time to start making profit. The best thing we did, though, was that we hired some really good people to work for us. In fact, some of those people are still working for us, 24 years later. Now we’re doing well, but it was very risky at first. 4)One is financial constraint(约束). It can be very tough. Think all small businesses have cashflow problems—it often takes a long time to get paid by your customers. The second big problem is marketing. It takes a lot of funds to market your business, and you have to get your name known and build a reputation. But the biggest challenge is managing the people. All businesses are about people, and you have to learn how to deal with all kinds of people—and I think we’ve been extremely good at getting the best of our staff. The difficult thing to start a business is to persuade banks()

A.to lose your house
B.to manage your employees
C.to keep independent
D.to lend you money
E.to take the responsibility for it
F.to make profit

14.Across the Desert The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world. It stretches across Africa from Senegal to Egypt. The Sahara Desert is an unfriendly environment. During the day it’s very hot, and at night it’s sometimes very cold. It is also difficult to find water in the Sahara. In 2006, Kevin Lin, Ray Zahab, and Charlie Engle decided to do something very difficult. They made the decision to run across the Sahara Desert—4,300 miles (6,920 km). It seemed impossible to do, but they wanted to try. The three men liked to test themselves, and this would be a very big test. On the morning of November 2, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie started their trip across the Sahara. Every morning they began running at 5:00. At 11 am they stopped and rested until 5 pm. Then they ran again until 9:30 in the evening. Each day they ran about 40 miles (64 km). Every day it was the same thing. They got up and ran. They listened to music on their iPods, and they ran and ran. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed to eat a lot of food during their trip. Most people need about 2,000 calories of food each day. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed between 6,000 and 9,000 calories every day. That’s a lot of food! They also needed to drink a lot of water. The three men had some problems on their trip, and many times they wanted to quit and go home. It was often very hot (140℉/60℃) during the day, and the heat made them sick. their legs and feet hurt. Sometimes it was very windy, and they couldn’t see. One time they got lost. But they didn’t quit. After 111 days, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie successfully finished their trip across the Sahara Desert. They hugged each other and put their hands in the water of the Red Sea. Then they ran to a hotel to take a long shower. What’s the reason for the success of their trip

A.They prepared sufficient food.
B.They never got lost.
C.They developed a good plan.
D.They never gave up.

15.The Value of tears Tears can ruin make-up, bring conversation to a stop, and give you a runny nose. They can leave you embarrassed and without energy. However, crying is a fact of life, and tears are very useful. Even when you’re not crying, your eyes produce tears. These create a film over the eye’s surface. This film contains a substance that protects your eyes against infection. Tears relieve stress, but we tend to fight them for all sorts of reasons. "People worry about showing their emotions. They’re afraid that once they lose control, they’ll never get it back." explains psychologist Dorothy Rowe. "As children we were sometimes punished for shedding tears or expressing anger. As adults we still fear the consequences of showing emotions." Almost any emotion—good or bad, happy or sad—can cause tears. Crying is a way that we release built-up emotions. Tears help you when you feel you are ready to explode because of very strong feelings. It may explain why people who are afraid to cry often suffer more heart attacks than people who cry more freely. When some people become very stressed, however, they can’t cry. They may be feeling shock, anger, fear, or grief, but they repress(抑制)the emotion. "Everyone has the need to cry," says psychotherapist(精神治疗师)Vera Diamond. Sometimes in therapy sessions, patients participate in crying exercises. They practice crying so that they can get used to expressing emotion. Diamond says it’s best to cry in safe, private places, like under the bedcovers or in the car. That’s because many people get uncomfortable when others cry in front of them. In fact, they may be repressing their own need to cry. In certain situations, such as at work, tears are not appropriate. It’s good to hold back tears during a tense business discussion. "But once you are safely behind closed doors,don’t just cry," Diamond says. She suggests that you act out the whole situation again and be as noisy and angry as you like. It will help you feel better. "And," she adds, "once our tears have released the stress, you can begin to think of logical ways to deal problem." Tears are a sign of our ability to feel. You should never be afraid to cry. What is the main idea of this passage

A.How to release your stress.
B.Ways to repress your emotion in public.
C.How to fight tears in a business situation.
D.Importance and necessity of crying.

16.Living History at Jamestown Settlement A woman in Native American clothes is sitting in the sun, sewing address form animal skin, Inside a building, a colonist is making a wooden chair, using very simple tools. This is all around, tourists are taking pictures with their digital(数码的)cameras. This is Jamestown settlement today. Jamestown, Virginia, was one of the first place in the word where people form Europe, American, and Africa came together in 1608. Today, it is a living history museum, where children and adults come to experience history. In a living history museum, actors wear clothes and adults form the past and demonstrate many of the activities of daily life back then. The actor also talk to the visitors and explain everything they do. At a living history museum, there are always many things to touch, hear, and smell. Visitors at Jamestown settlement can walk through copies of the three small sailing ships that carried colonists to Virginia and even lie down in a colonist’s bed! The colonists stayed on the crowed, dangerous ships for more than four months. When they got to Virginia, they built an area of houses with a high wall around it. In today’s fort(堡垒), you can see houses, a church, and even a garden with foods that the colonists ate. Women in long dresses work inside their homes, and visitor can help them with their sewing and cooking. There is also an Indian Village at Jamestown settlement, and it looks very different from the fort. It shows how the Indians lived in long houses and grew corn and other crops in large fields. Actors there make pottery(陶器)and teach visitors how to play Indian games. You can even help them make an India boat form a tree! Today, the living history museum of Jamestown is very popular, especially with children and families. People come here to have fun, but also to learn. Many school classes visit to experience old ways of getting things done. A living history museum is the best way to understand how people lived in the past. In Jamestown, visitors can walk through the real ships the colonists used.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

17.Interview with Allan Gray 1)I was working for a multinational company in the early 1980s, and my brother asked me if I was interested in going into partnership with him to set up a language school. I’d always wanted to work for myself, and I was a bit fed up with working for someone else, so I said yes. Primarily, I wanted the freedom to make my own decisions, I wanted room to be creative, and also I wanted to be able to get the credit and keep the profits if we were successful. I was also happy to carry the can and take the blame if things went wrong. These thing are not possible if you work as an employee in a large organization. 2)I had to borrow money to help start the business, but we were lucky because we also had some outside capital to put into the business. These days it can be really hard to persuade banks to lend money to people who want to start a company, so we were fortunate. It was fairly easy to set up the business, because we had a very clear idea of what we wanted to do. The problem was, all our preconceptions(预想)about what it would be like to run a business were wrong. We made lots of mistakes, and we almost went bankrupt(破产的)at the beginning. At one point, we only had two students in the school. 3)Far too long! We lost money for the first four years and, as I was saying, we nearly went out of business. It took quite a long time to start making profit. The best thing we did, though, was that we hired some really good people to work for us. In fact, some of those people are still working for us, 24 years later. Now we’re doing well, but it was very risky at first. 4)One is financial constraint(约束). It can be very tough. Think all small businesses have cashflow problems—it often takes a long time to get paid by your customers. The second big problem is marketing. It takes a lot of funds to market your business, and you have to get your name known and build a reputation. But the biggest challenge is managing the people. All businesses are about people, and you have to learn how to deal with all kinds of people—and I think we’ve been extremely good at getting the best of our staff. If you hire the right people, you’ll probably be able()

A.to lose your house
B.to manage your employees
C.to keep independent
D.to lend you money
E.to take the responsibility for it
F.to make profit

19.Living History at Jamestown Settlement A woman in Native American clothes is sitting in the sun, sewing address form animal skin, Inside a building, a colonist is making a wooden chair, using very simple tools. This is all around, tourists are taking pictures with their digital(数码的)cameras. This is Jamestown settlement today. Jamestown, Virginia, was one of the first place in the word where people form Europe, American, and Africa came together in 1608. Today, it is a living history museum, where children and adults come to experience history. In a living history museum, actors wear clothes and adults form the past and demonstrate many of the activities of daily life back then. The actor also talk to the visitors and explain everything they do. At a living history museum, there are always many things to touch, hear, and smell. Visitors at Jamestown settlement can walk through copies of the three small sailing ships that carried colonists to Virginia and even lie down in a colonist’s bed! The colonists stayed on the crowed, dangerous ships for more than four months. When they got to Virginia, they built an area of houses with a high wall around it. In today’s fort(堡垒), you can see houses, a church, and even a garden with foods that the colonists ate. Women in long dresses work inside their homes, and visitor can help them with their sewing and cooking. There is also an Indian Village at Jamestown settlement, and it looks very different from the fort. It shows how the Indians lived in long houses and grew corn and other crops in large fields. Actors there make pottery(陶器)and teach visitors how to play Indian games. You can even help them make an India boat form a tree! Today, the living history museum of Jamestown is very popular, especially with children and families. People come here to have fun, but also to learn. Many school classes visit to experience old ways of getting things done. A living history museum is the best way to understand how people lived in the past. Children and families enjoy play Indian games.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

20.Interview with Allan Gray 1)I was working for a multinational company in the early 1980s, and my brother asked me if I was interested in going into partnership with him to set up a language school. I’d always wanted to work for myself, and I was a bit fed up with working for someone else, so I said yes. Primarily, I wanted the freedom to make my own decisions, I wanted room to be creative, and also I wanted to be able to get the credit and keep the profits if we were successful. I was also happy to carry the can and take the blame if things went wrong. These thing are not possible if you work as an employee in a large organization. 2)I had to borrow money to help start the business, but we were lucky because we also had some outside capital to put into the business. These days it can be really hard to persuade banks to lend money to people who want to start a company, so we were fortunate. It was fairly easy to set up the business, because we had a very clear idea of what we wanted to do. The problem was, all our preconceptions(预想)about what it would be like to run a business were wrong. We made lots of mistakes, and we almost went bankrupt(破产的)at the beginning. At one point, we only had two students in the school. 3)Far too long! We lost money for the first four years and, as I was saying, we nearly went out of business. It took quite a long time to start making profit. The best thing we did, though, was that we hired some really good people to work for us. In fact, some of those people are still working for us, 24 years later. Now we’re doing well, but it was very risky at first. 4)One is financial constraint(约束). It can be very tough. Think all small businesses have cashflow problems—it often takes a long time to get paid by your customers. The second big problem is marketing. It takes a lot of funds to market your business, and you have to get your name known and build a reputation. But the biggest challenge is managing the people. All businesses are about people, and you have to learn how to deal with all kinds of people—and I think we’ve been extremely good at getting the best of our staff. Besides financial and marketing challenges, you must know how()

A.to lose your house
B.to manage your employees
C.to keep independent
D.to lend you money
E.to take the responsibility for it
F.to make profit

29.She is a lovely {{U}}gracious{{/U}} woman.

A.courteous
B.curious
C.quiet
D.shy

30.Different {{U}}hypotheses{{/U}} have been put forward to explain why UFOs exist.

A.sentence
B.comments
C.conclusions
D.theories

32.It was unfortunate that she had {{U}}erased{{/U}} the message.

A.Heard of
B.looked at
C.spoken out
D.rubbed out

33.He never {{U}}grumbled{{/U}} about working overtime.

A.talked
B.wrote
C.spoke
D.complained

35.I must apologize for my {{U}}outrageous{{/U}} behavior.

A.courageous
B.greedy
C.angry
D.glorious

36.I think she made a {{U}}blunder{{/U}} by announcing it ahead of time.

A.decision
B.mistake
C.promise
D.plan

37.He came back home, weary and {{U}}fatigued{{/U}}.

A.scared
B.worried
C.exhausted
D.frightened

38.He {{U}}was obsessed with{{/U}} American horror movies.

A.kept thinking about
B.took advantage of
C.paid no attention to
D.cared nothing about

39.I have to apologize for my {{U}}abrupt{{/U}} departure yesterday.

A.Late
B.unfriendly
C.sudden
D.unfold

40.You accusation is {{U}}wholly{{/U}} without foundation.

A.almost
B.probably
C.completely
D.evidently

41.My room is really very {{U}}cosy{{/U}}.

A.cool
B.comfortable
C.cold
D.clean

44.One-third of parents lack facts about child development  One-third of parents of babies have a surprisingly low knowledge of child development, including basic concepts about what their children should know or how they should act, a new study finds.  For instance, the study found that many parents don’t know that 1-year-olds can’t tell the difference between right and wrong, and often don’t cooperate or share when playing with other children.  The results are surprising because the parents who took part in the survey had young children, said lead author Dr. Heather Paradis, a pediatric fellow at the University of Rochester Medical Center, in New York."They were watching or had just watched their kids go through this development, and they were probably the most knowledgeable of anybody."  Paradis and her colleagues examined the results of a survey of parents -- 98.6 percent of whom were mothers -- of more than 10,000 9-month-old babies. As part of the survey, the parents were asked 11 questions designed to test their knowledge of a baby’s development.  The researchers also examined what the parents said about their interactions with their children, and watched videotapes of how the parents taught new things to their kids.  One-third of those surveyed incorrectly answered four or more of the questions. Even when the researchers adjusted the statistics to account for such factors as education levels and income, those parents were still less likely to enjoy "healthy interactions" with their children.  A lack of proper understanding of a child’s development can cause assorted problems, Paradis said. For example, she said, a mother might expect an 18-month-old child to sit still for a doctor’s appointment, even though children that age are normally curious and like to wander around.  "A mom could misinterpret a child’s normal curiosity as intentionally being defiant, and could respond with harsh discipline, withdrawal of affection and repetition of that pattern over time," Paradis said. "That could hinder the child’s potential for full growth and development."  The findings were to be presented Sunday at the Pediatric Academic Societies’ meeting in Honolulu.  One solution, Paradis said, is for pediatricians to take a more active role in educating new parents. "By improving knowledge of child development among all parents, not just those who are at highest risk, there’s an opportunity to enhance parent-child interaction," she said. "It can ultimately lead to better parenting." A majority of parents of babies know little about child development.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

45.Ebola Outbreak   1.You are likely aware that several countries in West Africa are batting an Ebola Outbreak. Ebola is a dangerous and often lethal viral infection. Scientists believe that humans contracted the virus by eating the meat of rare animals .It is now believed that bats are the primary carries of the virus.   2. To date ,there are only three major countries in West Africa experiencing a major outbreak :Sierra Leone ,Liberia and Guinea .However ,other countries such as Nigeria have reported confirmed cases of Ebola within their borders.   3.Unless you recently visited one of the three affected West countries, your risk of contracting the virus is virtually zero .Unlike other recent airborne virus outbreaks like SARS, the Ebola virus can only be spread through direct contact with an infected person .Specifically ,Ebola is spread through contact with body fluids. Though ,the virus is transmittable, only an infected person exhibiting symptoms is communicable .   4.The signs and symptoms of Ebola are non-specific and patients typically exhibit them after a week of contracting the virus .Symptoms may appear as early as two days or as late as three weeks after initial infection. Symptoms include disgust, weakness and stomach pain. More uncommon symptoms include chest pain, bleeding and sore throat.   5.Ebola is devastating because of its ability to attack and replicate in every organ of the body .This causes an overstimulation of the body’s inflammatory response ,causing the flu-like symptoms .The virus also causes bleeding and impairs the body’s normal clotting mechanism(凝血机制),making bleeding even more severe .Loss of blood volume and decreased organ perfusion(器官灌注),ultimately lead to organ failure and death.   6.The current outbreak is the deadliest viral outbreak in over 35 years .While diseases such as the malaria (疟疾)are far more communicable ,Ebola is one of the world’s most fatal viral infections. Ebola’s fatality rate exceeds that of SARS. paragraph2()

A.Am I at risk of contracting the virus
B.Is the current outbreak the deadlines
C.How do I know if I have contracted the virus
D.What areas are currently affected
E.What exactly does Ebola do to the body
F.What caused the Ebola outbreak

46.第一篇  Ear Breakthrough  New research published in the journal Current Biology has added significantly to understanding of how the ear works, giving hope to millions of deaf and hard of hearing people.  The latest research, conducted by Dr. Jorg T. Albet, a Deafness Research UK research fellow at the UCL Ear Institute, together with scientists at the University of Cologne, shows that fruit flies have ears which mechanically amplify sound signals in a remarkably similar way to the sensory(感觉的)cells found in the inner ear of vertebrates(脊椎动物)including humans. The finding means that the wealth of genetic techniques already available to study the fruit fly can now be used to target how the ear works.  Dr.Albert says."The biophysical parallels between the ways both fruit flies and humans convert sound into nerve signals are truly amazing.We may be allowed to hope that these mechanistic(机械学的)similarities extend further down to the genes and molecules that bring about hearing.But even if it finally should turn out that hearing in fruit flies relies on different molecules than does hearing in humans, the little fruit fly can help us find answers to some key questions of hearing research and –what is sometimes even more important -will surely help us ask the right questions."  The work is welcomed by Deafness Research UK, the country’s only medical research chanty for deaf people.Vivienne Michael, chief executive of Deafness Research UK.says," This is an important advance that paves the way toward a clear understanding of the genetics of deafness.The charily will continue to support culling-edge(尖端的)research through its Fellowship programme at the UCI.Ear institute and at other top research centres in the UK to achieve our goal of securing audical improvements in the prevention,diagnosis and treatment of all forms of hearing impairment"  There are nine million deaf and hard of hearing people in the UK and in most cases deafness results from loss of sensory cells in the inner ear known as "hair", cells.The cells can be images and lost through ageing, noise, genetic defects and certain drugs and, because the cells don’t regenerate, the result is progressive -and irreversible -hearing loss .Damage to these cells can also lead to tinnitus(耳鸣),which affects around five million people in the UK. A person who is hard of hearing is

A.not able to hear properly
B.totally deaf form birth
C.unwilling to listen to others
D.ignorant of how the ear works

47.Young Adults Who Exercise Get Higher IQ Scores  Young adults who are fit have a higher IQ and are more likely to go on to university, reveals a major new study carried out at the Sahlgrenska Academy and Sahlgrenska University Hospital.  The results were recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).The study involved 1.2 million Swedish men doing military service who were born between 1950 and 1976. The research group analyzed the results of both physical and IQ tests the youngsters took right after they started serving the army.  The study shows a clear link between good physical fitness and better results for the IQ test. The strongest links are for logical thinking and verbal comprehension. But it is only fitness that plays a role in the results for the IQ test,and not strength. “Being fit means that you also have good heart and lung capacity and that your brain gets plenty of oxygen ,” says Michael Nilsson, professor at the Sahlgrenska Academy and chief physician at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital. “This may be one of the reasons why we can see a clear link with fitness, but not with muscular strength . We are also seeing that there are growth factors that are important.”  By analyzing data for twins, the researchers have been able to determine that it is primarily environmental factors and not genes that explain the link between fitness and higher IQ.  “We have also shown that those youngsters who improve their physical fitness between the ages of 15 and 18 increase their cognitive performance,”says Maria Aberg, researcher at the Sahlgrenska Academy and physician at Aby health centre. “This being the case, physical education is a subject that has an important place in schools, and is an absolute must if we want to do well in maths and other theoretical subjects.”  The researchers have also compared the results from fitness tests during national service with the socio-economic status of the men later in life. Those who were fit at 18 were more likely to go into higher education, and many secured more qualified jobs. The researchers in this study come from _______.

A.Aby health centre
B.the Swedish army
C.the National Academy of Sciences
D.a Swedish university and its affiliated hospital

48.15 Million Americans Suffer from Social Anxiety Disorder  Social anxiety disorder prevents some 15 million Americans from leading normal social and romantic lives, a new survey finds.  The disorder leaves many isolated, ashamed and often misdiagnosed. Thirty-six percent of those with social anxiety disorder have symptoms for 10 years or more before seeking help, the Anxiety Disorders Association of America reports.  "Social anxiety disorder is when somebody has an intense, persistent and irrational fear of social or performance situations," Jerilyn Ross, the association’s president and CEO, said during a teleconference Wednesday.  "The condition causes people to avoid common, everyday situations and even other people for fear of being judged or criticized or humiliated or embarrassing themselves," Ross said.  Social anxiety disorder can interfere with daily routines and job performance,Ross noted. " It also makes it very difficult for people to develop friends and romantic partnerships," she said.  People with this disorder recognize their fear is excessive and irrational, Rose noted. “But they feel powerless to do anything about it," she said.  Social anxiety disorder can start in the early teens, Dr. Mark H. Pollack, director of the Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders and a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, said during the teleconference.  "This is a disorder that starts affecting people early on1," Pollack said. "The typical age of onset is early adolescence, age 12 or 13,and many individuals report a history of anxiety dating back to2 earlier childhood. "  The disorder also has physical symptoms,including heart palpitations,feelings that their throat will close up3,sweating, blushing, faintness, trembling and stammering, Ross said.  Among people with the disorder, 75 percent said the condition affected their ability to do normal activities. In addition, 69 percent said they didn’t want people to think they were crazy, and 58 percent said they were embarrassed by their condition,Ross said.  However, when the condition is diagnosed and treated, many reported improvement in their lives. In fact, 59 percent who were receiving treatment said treatment had a positive effect on their ability to have a romantic relationship. In addition, 39 percent who had received treatment said knowing that treatment can be successful aided their decision to get help, Ross noted. Which of the following is not true of the people with social anxiety disorder

A.They find difficult to make friends.
B.They tend to judge or criticize other people.
C.They are often isolated and ashamed.
D.They frequently fail to get timely treatment.

49.Stage Fright Fall down as you come onstage. That’s an odd trick. Not recommended. But it saved the pianist Vladimir Feltsman when he was a teenager back in Moscow. The veteran cellist Mstislav Rostropovich tripped him purposely to cure him of pre-performance panic, Mr. Feltsman said,"All my fright was_______(51). I already fell. What else could happen " Today, music schools are addressing the problem of anxiety in classes that_______(52)with performance techniques and career preparation. There are a variety of strategies that musicians can learn to _______(53) stage fright and its symptoms: icy fingers, shaky limbs, racing heart, blank mind. Teachers and psychologists offer wide-ranging advice, from basics like learning pieces inside out, _______(54) mental discipline, such as visualizing a performance and taking steps to relax. Don’t _______(55) that you’re jittery ,they urge; some excitement is natural, even necessary for dynamic playing. And play in public often, simply for the experience. Psychotherapist Diane Nichols suggests’some _______(56) for the moments before performance, "Take two deep abdominal breaths, open up your shoulders, then smile,"she says."And not one of these’please don’t kill me’smiles. Then _______(57) three friendly faces in the audience, people you would communicate with and make music to, and make eye contact with them."She doesn’t want performers to think of the audience _______(58) a judge. Extreme demands by mentors or parents are often at the _______(59) of stage fright, says Dorothy Delay, a well-known violin teacher. She tells other teachers to demand only what their students are able to achieve. When Lynn Harrell was 20, he became the principal cellist of the Clever land Orchestra, and he suffered extreme stage fright."There were times when I got so _______(60) I was sure the audience could see my chest responding to the throbbing. It was just total panic. I came to a _______(61) where I thought,If I have to go through this to play music, I think I’ m going to look for another job. Recovery, he said, involved developing humility-recognizing that _______(62) his talent, he was fallible, and that an imperfect concert was not a disaster. It is not only young artists who suffer, of course. The legendary pianist Vladimir Horowitz’s nerves were famous. The great tenor Franco Corelli is another example."They had to push him on stage,"Soprano Renata Scotto recalled. _______(63), success can make things worse."In the beginning of your career, when you’re scared to death, nobody knows who you are, and they don’t have any _______(64),"Soprano June Anderson said."There’s _______(65) to lose. Later on, when you’re known, people are coming to see you, and they have certain expectations. You have a lot to lose."   Anderson added,"I never stop being nervous until I’ve sung my last note."

A.saved
B.assessed
C.observed
D.gone

50.One-third of parents lack facts about child development  One-third of parents of babies have a surprisingly low knowledge of child development, including basic concepts about what their children should know or how they should act, a new study finds.  For instance, the study found that many parents don’t know that 1-year-olds can’t tell the difference between right and wrong, and often don’t cooperate or share when playing with other children.  The results are surprising because the parents who took part in the survey had young children, said lead author Dr. Heather Paradis, a pediatric fellow at the University of Rochester Medical Center, in New York."They were watching or had just watched their kids go through this development, and they were probably the most knowledgeable of anybody."  Paradis and her colleagues examined the results of a survey of parents -- 98.6 percent of whom were mothers -- of more than 10,000 9-month-old babies. As part of the survey, the parents were asked 11 questions designed to test their knowledge of a baby’s development.  The researchers also examined what the parents said about their interactions with their children, and watched videotapes of how the parents taught new things to their kids.  One-third of those surveyed incorrectly answered four or more of the questions. Even when the researchers adjusted the statistics to account for such factors as education levels and income, those parents were still less likely to enjoy "healthy interactions" with their children.  A lack of proper understanding of a child’s development can cause assorted problems, Paradis said. For example, she said, a mother might expect an 18-month-old child to sit still for a doctor’s appointment, even though children that age are normally curious and like to wander around.  "A mom could misinterpret a child’s normal curiosity as intentionally being defiant, and could respond with harsh discipline, withdrawal of affection and repetition of that pattern over time," Paradis said. "That could hinder the child’s potential for full growth and development."  The findings were to be presented Sunday at the Pediatric Academic Societies’ meeting in Honolulu.  One solution, Paradis said, is for pediatricians to take a more active role in educating new parents. "By improving knowledge of child development among all parents, not just those who are at highest risk, there’s an opportunity to enhance parent-child interaction," she said. "It can ultimately lead to better parenting." Babies of one wear old have no sense of right or wrong.

A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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